Mauritius is an island nation off the southeast coast of the African continent in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 870 kilometres (540 mi) east of Madagascar. The island of Mauritius was unknown and uninhabited before its first recorded visit, by Arab sailors during the Middle Ages who named it Dina Arobi.In 1507 Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited island and the island appears with a Portuguese name Cirne on early Portuguese maps, probably because of the presence of the flightless bird, the dodo which was abundant at that time (The Dodo is now an extinct bird). In 1598 a Dutch squadron under Admiral Wybrand Van Warwyck landed at Grand Port and named the island Mauritius, in honour of Prince Maurits van Nassau, stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. France took control of Mauritius in 1715 and later renamed it Île de France (literally, Isle of France). On 3 December 1810 the French formally surrendered after the Napoleonic wars. Under British rule, the island’s name reverted to Mauritius. And Mauritius became independent from the UK in 1968. Territories and Dependencies of Mauritius include Rodrigues, Agalega Islands and Tromelin. Mauritius claim sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago known as the British Indian Ocean Territory.
Capital: Port Louis
Language: Mauritian Creole, French and English (Official language)
Area: Total 2,040 km2
Population: 1,286,340, a mixture of people of Indian, French, African and Chinese origin.
Currency: Mauritian rupee (MUR) 1 USD= 30 MUR, 1 EU= 40 MUR
Time zone: MUT (UTC+4)
Driving: Drives on the left
Calling code: +230
- Summer : (Nov to Apr): 27-32° C on the Coast to 23-28° C on the Central Plateau.
- Winter : (May to Oct): 22-27° C on the Coast to 16-21° C on the Central Plateau.
- Rain and Cyclonic period: December to March